Linguistics at Indiana University

Spring 1998

In this issue:
Short Notices
Ph.D. Degrees Awarded / Ph.D. Defenses
Degrees Awarded
Faculty Notes
Student Notes

This newsletter is published twice yearly by the Department of Linguistics, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (e-mail:; telephone: (812) 855-6456). Edited and produced by Liz Peterson with editorial assistance from Samuel Obeng, Assistant Professor of Linguistics; Paul Newman, Department Chair; Ann Baker, Administrative Assistant; and Victoria Pronevitz. Transferred to HTML by Mikael Thompson

Second Term of Linguistics Department Chair Coming to an End

Next year the Linguistics Department will have a new chair to replace Professor Paul Newman, whose second three-year term is coming to an end.
As department chair for linguistics, Newman practices a few core values. Namely, he believes that serving as chair should be viewed as a service; i.e. that a chair works for the faculty and department, not vice versa. "It is satisfying to help people," he says. "My approach to administration is to say 'yes' if I can."
He believes a chair must have a good sense of when to be hard-nosed and when to be sympathetic and understanding; when to handle things administratively on one's own, and when to refer matters to the faculty for shared democratic decision making.
Further, any person in an administrative position must know when it is time to move on to allow someone else to come in with new ideas and energy. "As soon as a chair of a department starts thinking 'nobody can do this job as well as I,' then you know it's time for that person to step down." This is why Newman is relinquishing the helm of the department partment and returning to full-time teaching and research.
Newman did his B.A. (philosophy) and M.A. (anthropology) at the University of Pennsylvania. After earning his Ph.D. in linguistics from UCLA, he took up his first teaching appointment in the Anthropology Department at Yale. From there, he went to Bayero University in Kano, Nigeria, where he served as chair of the Nigerian languages department and Director of the Centre for the Study of Nigerian Languages, a research institute. His next position was in the Department of African Linguistics at the University of Leiden in Holland, where he founded The Journal of African Languages and Linguistics. He joined the IU faculty in 1983.

Dr. Paul Newman: "It is satisfying to help people. My approach to administration is to say 'yes' if I can."

Newman, a well-known Africanist, is the author of more than 100 publications, including some 10 books and half a dozen ethnomusicological records (mostly of traditional Appalachian music). He is recognized as a world authority on Hausa and the Chadic language family. His most influential theoretical article is "Syllable Weight as a Phonological Variable," in which he coined the now commonplace term "syllable weight."
Whatever success he has had as chair he ascribes to the support of cooperative colleagues and an absolutely first-rate secretarial staff, especially Ann Baker, the department administrative assistant.
He is proud of the fact that students and faculty are able to enjoy a varied academic experience in terms of ethnic and international diversity, academic specializations, and interdepartmental expertise. A goal throughout his years of service has been to enrich the overall graduate student experience. He is particularly pleased to have instigated open-attendance dissertation defenses, and to have started the Householder Memorial Fund for support of graduate student research.
During his term, four new faculty members were appointed in the department, two associate professors were promoted to full professor, and five junior faculty members received tenure. As chair, he did not lose a single promotion or tenure case.
His greatest failure, he feels, is having been unable to convince the College to provide more financial support for graduate students in linguistics. He is always sorry to see good students who truly would like to study at IU go to other institutions because of lack of funding here. He believes in assisting students and colleagues in a personal manner whenever possible, and is therefore always pleased when students in the department achieve acclaim in terms of grants, appointments, and other academic recognition.
Despite adversity in funding, he believes the quality of students who study at IU is top-notch, and he is continually impressed with the papers presented by IU linguistics students at conferences and published in good journals.
Word must be getting out that this is indeed a good department because the caliber of applicants each spring continues to become more and more impressive, including honors students from some of the best undergraduate institutions in the world.

Linguistics Student, Professor Honored at Founders Day

Linguistics Department student Jeff Grote and professor Albert Valdman both were honored at the 1998 Indiana University Founders Day Ceremony in March for outstanding achievements. Grote, a Ph.D. student and Spanish Department associate instructor, received a Lieber Associate Instructor Award, the most prestigious university award conferred upon an associate instructor. Grote was also awarded the 1997 Department of Spanish and Portuguese Associate Instructor Teaching Award. Rudy Professor Valdman, who has a joint teaching appointment in Linguistics and in French and Italian, was awarded the 1998 John W. Ryan Award for Distinguished Contributions to International Programs and Studies.
The Founders Day Ceremony is a formal annual occasion attended by the University president and other university VIPs. Grote and Valdman were nominated for their awards by peers in their departments.

Students, Faculty Volunteer at COAS EXPO

Eight linguistics students volunteered their time and savvy at the College of Arts and Sciences EXPO, held in the IMU Frangipani Room on Feb. 25. Under the direction of Professor Yoshihisa Kitagawa, linguistics students Masa Deguchi, Laura Knudsen, Bushra Zawaydeh, Debbie Burleson, Betsy McCall, Nicole Evans, Ji-Yung Kim, and Liz Peterson supervised shifts at the EXPO, an event designed to help undergraduate students become familiar with prospective majors. Linguistics volunteers answered questions concerning linguistics careers and education.
The linguistics table featured handouts and posters describing fields of study within linguistics, as well as a laptop computer donated for the event by linguistics student Mafuyu Kitahara featuring Languages of the World and interactive syntax tree drawing software.
The Linguistics booth attracted a good number of visitors, some of whom showed strong interest in either majoring in linguistics or combining linguistics with some other majors. The Linguistics Department's participation in the EXPO was done with the assistance of the Indiana University Linguistics Club and linguistics undergraduate advisor Professor Ken de Jong.

Professor to Retire After 25 Years at IU

Professor Linda J. Schwartz, a mainstay of the Linguistics Department for the past 25 years, has announced plans for early retirement at the end of this academic year. Schwartz, a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota (major, linguistics; minor, Spanish) joined the faculty of IU in 1973. In addition to her appointment in linguistics, she has also been a member of the Center for Carribean and Latin American Studies and the African Studies Program. She served on several occasions as acting chair of the Linguistics Department and was a constructive member of a number of important university-wide committees. She is highly regarded as a classroom teacher at both graduate and undergraduate levels, and is frequently sought after for dissertation supervision. She has served on more than 50 Ph.D. committees, in many instances as thesis director.
She has taught linguistics courses in several linguistics subfields, including syntax, language planning, and especially typology. Her primary area of research is syntactic typology, often drawing on data from Native American and African languages.

New IULC Officers for 1998:
Slate of Activities Planned for Coming Year

Supporters of the Indiana University Linguistics Club turned out in record numbers in January to vote for the 1998 club officers. In a run-off election, the following were appointed: president, Laura Knudsen; vice president, Karen Baertsch; secretary, Ji-Yung Kim; student-faculty liaison, Debbie Burleson, library coordinator, Mafuyu Kitahara; activities coordinator, Liz Peterson. Other linguistics students Nicole Evans, Masa Deguchi, Betsy McCall, and Bushra Zawaydeh were selected to form an activities committee to help plan social events and other functions for the club. All officers welcome suggestions and input from club members.

Top row. Karen Baertsch, Vice President; Liz Peterson, Activities Coordinator; Laura Knudsen, President
Bottom row. Ji-Yung Kim, Secretary; Debbie Burleson, Faculty-Student Liaison; Mafuyu Kitahara, Library Coordinator

The Linguistics Club has been a tradition at IU for 30 years now. The club provides an avenue for students and professors to meet, in the general and applied linguistics programs as well as in related departments such as French, Spanish, Slavics, Cognitive Science, Philosophy, etc. The club sponsors lectures, receptions and other social functions.
Club members are eligible to participate in all club events, to receive travel grants for conferences where they present papers, and to receive a 20% discount on all books published by the IULC Publications.
The IULC Publications, located at the IULC Clubhouse, 720 East Atwater, is the publisher of hundreds of linguistics publications. IULC publications is the chief source of funding for the club.

Linglunch Series Continues for Second Semester:
Students Practice Presenting Papers

This semester the IULC organized the "Linglunch" talk series for a second time. The purpose of the series is to give graduate students an opportunity to present their work that has been accepted at a conference or is going to be submitted for publication. The lunch talks provide a friendly but professional atmosphere where students get useful feedback from peers and faculty. The presentations have covered a wide range of topics from both general and applied linguistics. The series offers an excellent opportunity for students to practice presenting for audiences in a conference-like format.

The series this semester has included (or will include) the following:

SLA Journal to Celebrate 20th Anniversary With Symposium

Studies in Second Language Acquisition will celebrate its 20th anniversary with a one-day symposium April 23. Susan Gass, Patsy Lightbown, John Schumann, and Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig will address issues in SLA. Professor Gass will address current approaches to SLA. Professor Schumann will look at future perspectives on SLA as they relate to cognitive theories. Professor Bardovi-Harlig will discuss future perspectives on SLA in relation to interlanguage pragmatics. Professor Lightbown will address the topic of classroom research and the relationship between research and pedagogy. The symposium will be held from 2:30-6:30 in Woodburn Hall 111. Contact Elizabeth Winkler for more information.

Dinnsen Awarded NIH Grant for Interdisciplinary Study

Professor Daniel Dinnsen and Judith Gierut (SPHS) were awarded a $1.4 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to continue their joint interdisciplinary research on phonological development and disorders. This grant provides an additional five years of support to their prior 13 continuous years of funding. A hallmark of their work has been its appeal to the latest developments in phonological theory as a means for understanding the acquisition process. The insights afforded by current theory serve as the basis of descriptive and experimental studies. The results from these studies are brought to bear on the evaluation of theoretical proposals and routinely reveal new and more efficacious clinical treatments for children with phonological disorders.
Their new project will investigate the emergence and restructuring of default categories at both subsegmental and subsyllabic levels of representation. Default categories are important because they are presumed to be most basic, first-acquired, and the building blocks from which all other categories emerge.
Linguistics student Laura Wilbur, Dinnsen's research assistant, is funded through the grant.

Faculty, AI Receive TERA Awards

Professors Stuart Davis and Paul Newman and Graduate Student Assistant Instructor Moreena Tiede have been selected to receive Teaching Excellence Recognition Awards. The TERA awards were established by the Indiana University Board of Trustees to encourage high quality, effective teaching at IU.

Department Represented at LabPhon

Four papers will be presented by IU faculty and students at the Sixth Conference on Laboratory Phonology at the University of York in July. Professor Kenneth de Jong will present "Temporal Constraints and Characterizing Syllable Structure." Bushra Zawaydeh will present "The Interaction of the Phonetics and Phonology of Gutterals." Keiichi Tajima and Professor Robert Port will present "Speech Rhythm in English and Japanese." Richard Wright (Psychology) will present "Factors of Lexical Competition in Vowel Articulation."
Known as "LabPhon," the conference is considered one of the most important in the world for the field of laboratory phonology.

IU Now Publishing Top African Linguistics Journal

Studies in African Linguistics, one of the leading journals on African linguistics in the world, and the only one published in North America, is moving to Indiana University beginning with the first issue of 1998. Professor Robert Botne, who has been editor of the journal since 1992, will now also assume responsibility for production and distribution. Dr. Botne directs the operation of the journal with the assistance of graduate students Elizabeth Peterson, editorial assistant, and John Roleke, managing editor.
SAL, which was founded in 1970, was formerly published by the Department of Linguistics and the James S. Coleman African Studies Center at UCLA. Previous editors are Talmy Givón, Tom Hinnebusch, Larry Hyman, and Russell Schuh. Over the years, many of the leading experts in African linguistics have published important papers in the journal. The goal of SAL has been to provide a forum for African language scholars to have discourse and dialogue on issues of general concern to the field of African linguistics. Articles in the journal are not expected to adhere to any particular framework or linguistic school, but rather are intended to be data-oriented studies of potential theoretical interest.

Linguistics Club Hosts Spring Semester Activities

The IULC hosted several social functions this semester, as well as lending financial and planning support to educational functions. The first social function this semester, the IULC Spring Open House, held March 6 at the IULC Clubhouse, was an opportunity for members and faculty to meet the new IULC officers. Approximately 30 guests shared afternoon tea and sandwiches prepared by the IULC Activities Committee. Debra Hardison, associate editor for IULC publications, made a presentation about the IULC's publishing history. Dr. Robert Botne won a free publication for correctly answering a linguistics "trivia" question.
The winner of the IULC's 30th anniversary T-shirt design competition also was announced at the Open House. A design by Laura Wilbur, past IULC Secretary, was chosen as the official design.
The IULC book sale in March netted more than $500 to support the club. IULC library coordinator Mafuyu Kitahara planned the day-long event, held in the linguistics seminar room. Volunteers assisted throughout the day in selling books. Books sold were from private donations as well as from the collection formerly housed in the Linguistics Department reading room.
The annual Spring Potluck, slated for April 24, is an opportunity for students and faculty to socialize before the end of the semester and before summer begins.
The IULC is interested in initiating a bi-weekly coffee hour to enable students and faculty to meet informally and get to know one another. Please direct preferences on time and location to any IULC officer.
For an updated list of IULC activities, as well as information about the club, publications, and other products, visit the IULC website.

Greetings From 1997 IULC President

On behalf of last year's IULC, I would like to thank all students and faculty who expressed their interest in this year's IULC elections, both the first time and in the run-offs in January. We have experienced an increase in the participation in IULC-related activities and we hope that this will be reflected in a growing membership. The IULC is a non-profit organization. Your membership fees are used to support the club activities. Students who become active members of the club can have a greater influence on its future development.
I would like to thank last year's IULC officers for their work. This includes Laura Wilbur, vice president and secretary; Victoria Pronevitz, activities coordinator; Adam Leary, library coordinator; and Karen Baertsch, student-faculty liaison. We all wish good luck to the new officers in 1998.

Andrea Juhasz
IULC President, 1997

Chancellor's Fellowship Student

This coming fall, the Department will be welcoming its first Chancellor's fellowship student. Jennifer Moless, who in four years will have completed both a B.A. and M.A. from the University of Chicago, has chosen IU to pursue her Ph.D. Her primary interest is in African linguistics, particularly concerning Bantu languages of southern Africa. Although figures are still preliminary, it appears that in this fall's incoming graduate class, Jennifer will be joined by a dozen new students, coming from all over the U.S. and abroad.

Spring '98 Guests, Colloquia

Visiting speakers and colloquia presenters during spring semester included:

The Fred W. Householder Fund

The Fred W. Householder Fund was established to support graduate student research. Awards, which normally are between $100 and $400, enable students to cover the expenses of materials or payment to subjects related to specific, clearly defined research projects. The projects are often, but not exclusively, connected with students' dissertation work.
Recent contributions have been received from the following students, colleagues, and friends of Householder, to whom we express our thanks:

Marvin D. Carmony
Stuart Davis
Steven Franks
Frances Ingemann

Recipients of Householder awards are:

Short Notices

Ph.D. Degrees Awarded / Ph.D. Defenses

Ph.D. degrees were awarded to the following students during the past six months:

The following student defended his Ph.D. dissertation this semester:

Degrees Awarded

M.A. degrees were awarded to the following students:

General Linguistics Applied Linguistics

B.A. degrees with a major in Linguistics were awarded to the following students:

Faculty Notes

Robert Botne presented "Cognitive Schemas and Motion Verbs: 'Come' and 'Go' in Eastern Bantu" at the 29th Annual Conference on African Linguistics at Yale.

Stuart Davis and student Bushra Zawaydeh presented a joint paper on Arabic hypocoristics at the Symposium for Arabic Linguistics at the University of Illinois.

Ken de Jong and Anna Bosch (University of Kentucky) published their findings about the phonetics of stress in Barra Gaelic in an article titled "The Prosody of Barra Gaelic Epenthetic Vowels" in Studies in the Linguistic Sciences. De Jong also presented the results of pilot experimental work into the relationship between speech timing and syllable structure at the Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America in San Diego. Also this spring, he presented two colloquia for the Department of Linguistics at the University of Illinois, one exploring the linguistic implications of his work on syllables, the second exploring functional factors evident in his work on secondary articulations in Twi, done jointly with Samuel Obeng.

Michael Gasser's paper with Linda B. Smith, "Learning Nouns and Adjectives: A Connectionist Account," will appear this spring in Language and Cognitive Processes.

Steve Franks coedited a book published by Michigan Slavic Materials, Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics: The Connecticut Meeting.

Yoshihisa Kitagawa presented a paper titled "Excorporation Revisited" in February at the University of Pennsylvania. In his syntax seminar this semester, he has been presenting his works exploring some possible future extension of the minimalist program.

Paul Newman wrote the overview article on "African Language Classification" in The Encyclopedia of Sub-Saharan Africa, edited by John Middleton, 1997. He and Martha Ratliff (Wayne State University) have received a contract from Cambridge University Press to edit a volume on fieldwork in linguistics.

Samuel Obeng's "An Analysis of the Linguistic Situation in Ghana" was published in African Languages and Cultures. Also by Obeng was "Indirectness in Proniminal Usage in Akan Discourse," in Journal of Language and Social Psychology. Obeng was a discussant at Preserving Ghana's Oral Heritage: A Personal Pathway Leading to the Global Network of Indigenous Knowledge Resource Centers, African Studies Program, IU. He presented "Language and Ethnic Identity in Sub-Saharan Africa" at the same conference. He was an invited speaker at Wars and Words: Political Change and Language Use in Africa, a special symposium held at Yale, and also presented "Language, Ethnic Identity, and the National Language Question in Ghana: An Analysis of Some Prejudicial/Stereotypical Stings in the Graffiti on Legon Walls" at the 29th Annual Conference on African Linguistics at Yale.

In March, Robert Port was a guest lecturer for a minicourse at Interdiziplinäres Kolleg-98, an interdisciplinary conference for artificial intelligence researchers held at Günne am Möhnesee, Germany. He gave a course of four lectures on rhythm, speech, and human cognition. He also gave a plenary lecture to all participants, "The Dynamical View of Cognition: Language and Other Temporal Structures." In addition, he gave lectures at both The German National Research Center for Information Technology and at the Institute for Artificial Intelligence Research at University of Zurich, Switzerland.

Natsuko Tsujimura has been editing The Handbook of Japanese Linguistics, partially funded by the East Asian Studies Center. It will be published this spring by Basil Blackwell. She wrote a chapter on lexical semantics for the handbook. Tsujimura received a grant from the Northeast Asia Council of the Association for Asian Studies to conduct research on "Causative Alternation and Lexical Semantics in Japanese." She just completed her third progress report as a research consultant for the MIT-Fujitsu Project, for which she has been a research consultant for two years.

Professors Plan '98-'99 Sabbaticals

Two faculty members will be on sabbatical leave for one semester each during the next academic year. Yoshihisa Kitagawa will be away during the fall semester. He plans to spend his leave in Japan. Paul Newman will be away during the spring semester. He plans to spend this time in England, with shorter periods in Holland and Germany.

Student Notes

Karen Baertsch presented "Onset Sonority Distance Constraints Through Local Conjunction" at the annual meeting of the Chicago Linguistics Society.

Laura Knudsen, Adam Leary, Ahmar Mahboob, Mimoza Rista, and Sarah Sherry presented "Role Play as a Means of Collecting Production Data" at the 12th International Conference of Pragmatics and Language Learning, University of Illinois.

Mai Kuha presented her paper "Speakers' Intentions: Implications for Coding Procedures" at the International Conference of Pragmatics. Her paper "Competing Motivations for NP Order in Kenyan English" is being published in the journal World Englishes, vol. 17.

Corey Muench, Silvia Rodriquez (Spanish and Portuguese), and Jiyoung Yoon (Spanish and Portuguese) presented a paper "Beyond a Reasonable Doubt: Replicating and Revising Interlanguage Pragmatic Judgment Tasks" at the International Conference of Pragmatics.

Hae-Kyung Wee presented "Island Insensitivity of Focus and Wh-phrase" at the West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics 17 at the University of British Columbia.

Elizabeth Winkler presented "Lexical and Morphological Borrowing in Limon Creole" at the American Association for Applied Linguistics in Seattle. Her paper "El cambio de codigos en el criollo limonense" (Codeswitching in Limon Creole) was accepted by The Journal of Linguistics and Literature.

Andrea Word and Kris Coburn (French and Italian) presented a paper "Assessing Interlanguage Pragmatics Comprehension: If the Data Fit, Question Them" at the International Conference of Pragmatics.

Bushra Zawaydeh presented "The Nature of Uvularization in Ammani Arabic" at the Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America in New York City. With Stephan Frisch (Speech and Hearing) she presented "The Psychological Reality of Phonotactic Constraints" at the same conference. She presented "The Natural Class 'Guttural': Endoscopic and Acoustic Evidence," at the 1998 Conference of the Texas Linguistics Society: Exploring the Boundaries Between Phonetics and Phonology. At the same conference, she presented "A Sketch of Arabic Stress and Durational Structure" with Professor Ken de Jong. With Professor Stuart Davis, Zawaydeh presented "Hypocoristic Formation in Ammani-Jordanian Arabic" at the 12th Annual Symposium on Arabic Linguistics at the University of Illinois.